Ohio hospitals are cornerstones of the communities they serve, caring for the sick and injured and advancing wellness. Nonprofit hospitals measure the impact of community benefit programs and report annually to the IRS on Form 990, Schedule H. The Catholic Health Association publishes standards for community benefit definition. Ohio hospitals in 2017 contributed $6.4 billion in net community benefit throughout the state, a 28% increase over the prior year.
OHA annually publishes a statewide summary.
Ohio hospitals invested more than $4 billion in community activities in 2017 to improve the health of local citizens, neighborhoods and communities they serve, up 33% from $3 billion invested the prior year.
Every Ohio hospital has a discount policy based on a patient's income and often provides reduced or free services. Hospitals also provide free basic care to the indigent or uninsured through the Hospital Care Assurance Program. Even with the expansion of Medicaid eligibility in Ohio, hospitals provided $482 million in charity care in 2017, up 5% over the prior year.
Ohio hospitals provided $8.9 billion in total uncompensated care in 2017, up from 22% from $7.2 billion in 2016. Total uncompensated care includes charity care, free or discounted community services, Medicaid and Medicare shortfalls and bad debt.